Download Is Human Nature Obsolete? PDF

Is Human Nature Obsolete?

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Publisher : MIT Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 0262524287
Pages : 442 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (524 users)


Summary Book Review Is Human Nature Obsolete? by Arthur L. Caplan :

Download or read book Is Human Nature Obsolete? PDF or another Format written by Arthur L. Caplan and published by MIT Press. This book was released on 2005 with total page 442 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: An interdisciplinary exploration of whether modern genetics and bioengineering are leading us to a posthuman future.

Download Posthuman Personhood PDF

Posthuman Personhood

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Publisher : University Press of America
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780761861041
Pages : 170 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (761 users)


Summary Book Review Posthuman Personhood by Daryl J. Wennemann :

Download or read book Posthuman Personhood PDF or another Format written by Daryl J. Wennemann and published by University Press of America. This book was released on 2013-05-02 with total page 170 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Wennemann argues that the traditional concept of personhood may be fruitfully applied to the ethical challenge we face in a posthuman age. The book posits that biologically non-human persons like robots, computers, or aliens are a theoretical possibility but that we do not know if they are a real possibility.

Download Creating Human Nature PDF

Creating Human Nature

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781108841160
Pages : 275 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (18 users)


Summary Book Review Creating Human Nature by Benjamin Gregg :

Download or read book Creating Human Nature PDF or another Format written by Benjamin Gregg and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2022-10-31 with total page 275 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Introduces the new field of 'political bioethics,' focusing on the peculiarly political questions posed by human genetic engineering.

Download Beyond Humanity? PDF

Beyond Humanity?

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Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780191651625
Pages : 304 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (191 users)


Summary Book Review Beyond Humanity? by Allen E. Buchanan :

Download or read book Beyond Humanity? PDF or another Format written by Allen E. Buchanan and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 2013-01-17 with total page 304 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Biotechnologies already on the horizon will enable us to be smarter, have better memories, be stronger and quicker, have more stamina, live longer, be more resistant to diseases, and enjoy richer emotional lives. To some of us, these prospects are heartening; to others, they are dreadful. In Beyond Humanity a leading philosopher offers a powerful and controversial exploration of urgent ethical issues concerning human enhancement. These raise enduring questions about what it is to be human, about individuality, about our relationship to nature, and about what sort of society we should strive to have. Allen E. Buchanan urges that the debate about enhancement needs to be informed by a proper understanding of evolutionary biology, which has discredited the simplistic conceptions of human nature used by many opponents of enhancement. He argues that there are powerful reasons for us to embark on the enhancement enterprise, and no objections to enhancement that are sufficient to outweigh them.

Download A Critical Examination of Ethics in Health Care and Biomedical Research PDF

A Critical Examination of Ethics in Health Care and Biomedical Research

Author :
Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9783319183329
Pages : 195 pages
Rating : 4.1/5 (319 users)


Summary Book Review A Critical Examination of Ethics in Health Care and Biomedical Research by Richard M. Zaner :

Download or read book A Critical Examination of Ethics in Health Care and Biomedical Research PDF or another Format written by Richard M. Zaner and published by Springer. This book was released on 2015-06-11 with total page 195 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book is a critical examination of certain basic issues and themes crucial to understanding how ethics currently interfaces with health care and biomedical research. Beginning with an overview of the field, it proceeds through a delineation of such key notions as trust and uncertainty, dialogue involving talk and listening, the vulnerability of the patient against the asymmetric power of the health professional, along with professional and individual responsibility. It emphasizes several themes fundamental to ethics and health care: (1) the work of ethics requires strict focus on the specific situational understanding of each involved person. (2) Moral issues, at least those intrinsic to each clinical encounter, are presented solely within the contexts of their actual occurrence; therefore, ethics must not only be practical but empirical in its approach. (3) Each particular situation is in its own way imprecise and uncertain and the different types and dimensions of imprecision and uncertainty are critical for everyone involved. (4) Finally, medicine and health care more broadly are governed by the effort to make sense of the healer’s experiences with the patient, whose own experiences and interpretations are ingredient to what the healer seeks to understand and eventually treat. In addition to providing a way to develop ethical considerations in clinical life and research projects, the book proposes that narratives provide the finest way to state and grapple with these themes and issues, whether in classrooms or real-life situations. It concludes with a prospective analysis of newly emerging issues presented by and within the new genetics, which, together within a focus on the phenomenon of birth, leads to an clearer understanding of human life.

Download Nature and Sociology PDF

Nature and Sociology

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Publisher : Routledge
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781134211517
Pages : 218 pages
Rating : 4.2/5 (134 users)


Summary Book Review Nature and Sociology by Tim Newton :

Download or read book Nature and Sociology PDF or another Format written by Tim Newton and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2007-08-07 with total page 218 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book engages with, and contests, the ‘new sociology of nature’. It moves beyond existing debates by presenting new social theory and working across current fields of interest, addressing the debate on new genetics and genomics, taking human biology seriously, and the issues of interdisciplinarity that are likely to arise in longer term attempts to work across the social and natural world. Nature and Sociology will be of great interest to students of a variety of disciplines including sociology and social science, human geography, social and biological anthropology, and the natural sciences.

Download Sustainable History and Human Dignity PDF

Sustainable History and Human Dignity

Author :
Publisher : ISD LLC
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780718848323
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (718 users)


Summary Book Review Sustainable History and Human Dignity by Nayef Al-Rodhan :

Download or read book Sustainable History and Human Dignity PDF or another Format written by Nayef Al-Rodhan and published by ISD LLC. This book was released on with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Sustainable History and the Dignity of Man is a new philosophy of history. This volume outlines how sustainable history is propelled by good governance, which balances the tension between the attributes of human nature - emotionality, amorality and egoisms - and human dignity needs, such as reason, security, human rights, accountability, transparency, justice, opportunity, innovation and inclusiveness. The author proposes minimum criteria for good governance that are sensitive to local cultures and histories but meet certain common global values to ensure maximum and sustainable moral and political cooperation. Using an ocean model of a single collective human civilisation, the author argues that we should think in terms of a common human story that is comprised of multiple geo-cultural domains and sub-cultures with a history of mutual borrowing and synergies. The author argues that, today, all geo-cultural domains must succeed if humanity as a whole is to triumph. This collective triumph will also depend on reason and a recognition that a great deal of knowledge is indeterminate and may be temporally, spatially and perhaps culturally constrained, as is outlined in the author's new theory of knowledge: "Neuro-rational Physicalism". Dr. Nayef R.F. Al-Rodhan is Senior Scholar in Geostrategy and Director of the Programme on the Geopolitical Implications of Globalisation and Transnational Security at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Geneva, Switzerland. "This book is an exceptionally wide-ranging examination of past and present approaches to the securing of a qualitatively adequate social life on the planet. The need for intercultural dialogue is pressing and stated as a matter of urgency in the text. That argument is well-presented and it is helpfully accompanied by a large amount of empirical evidence. The book is also a strong and ethically attractive humanist statement about the value of human interaction that incorporates a vision of mutual respect based on a mixture of scientific arguments and normative aspirations. Those features are very impressive." Professor Michael Freeden, Professor of Politics, Director of the Centre for Political Ideologies, Professorial Fellow, Mansfield College, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.

Download Religion and Human Nature PDF

Religion and Human Nature

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Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780191588273
Pages : 344 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (191 users)


Summary Book Review Religion and Human Nature by Keith Ward :

Download or read book Religion and Human Nature PDF or another Format written by Keith Ward and published by OUP Oxford. This book was released on 1998-11-19 with total page 344 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Continuing Keith Ward's series on comparative religion, this book deals with religious views of human nature and destiny. The beliefs of six major traditions are presented: the view of Advaita Vedanta that there is one Supreme Self, unfolding into the illusion of individual existence; the Vaishnava belief that there is an infinite number of souls, whose destiny is to be released from material embodiment; the Buddhist view that there is no eternal Self; the Abrahamic belief that persons are essentially embodied souls; and the materialistic position that persons are complex material organisms. Indian ideas of rebirth, karma, and liberation from samsara are critically analysed and compared with semitic belief in the intermediate state of Sheol, Purgatory or Paradise, the Final Judgement and the resurrection of the body. The impact of scientific theories of cosmic and biological evolution on religious beliefs is assessed, and a form of 'soft emergent materialism' is defended, with regard to the soul. In this context, a Christian doctrine of original sin and atonement is presented, stressing the idea of soterial, as opposed to forensic, justice. Finally, a Christian view of personal immortality and the 'end of all things' is developed in conversation with Jewish and Muslim beliefs about judgement and resurrection.

Download H+/- PDF

H+/-

Author :
Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781456815677
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (456 users)


Summary Book Review H+/- by Gregory R. Hansell :

Download or read book H+/- PDF or another Format written by Gregory R. Hansell and published by Xlibris Corporation. This book was released on 2011-01-25 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:

Download Emotional Amoral Egoism PDF

Emotional Amoral Egoism

Author :
Publisher : ISD LLC
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780718848347
Pages : pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (718 users)


Summary Book Review Emotional Amoral Egoism by Nayef Al-Rodhan :

Download or read book Emotional Amoral Egoism PDF or another Format written by Nayef Al-Rodhan and published by ISD LLC. This book was released on 2021-09-30 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The enduring assumption that human behaviour is governed by innate morality and reason is at odds with the persistence of human deprivation, injustice, brutality, inequality and conflict. This book offers a fresh look at human nature and universal security by proposing a new general theory of human nature, "emotional amoral egoism", and a specific theory of human motivation that draw on a wide range of philosophical, psychological and evolutionary approaches as well as neuroscientific research. It argues that human behaviour is governed primarily by emotional self-interest and that the human mind is a predisposed tabula rasa. The author argues that most human beings are innately neither moral nor immoral but rather amoral. Circumstances will determine the survival value of humankind's moral compass. This insight has profound implications for the re-ordering of governance mechanisms at all levels with a strong emphasis on the role of society and the global system. This book is essential reading for anyone interested in the substrates of human nature and its universal security implications in relation to identity, conflict, ethnocentrism, xenophobia, morality and global governance.

Download Bioethics PDF

Bioethics

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Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781449635862
Pages : 550 pages
Rating : 4.6/5 (449 users)


Summary Book Review Bioethics by Nancy S. Jecker :

Download or read book Bioethics PDF or another Format written by Nancy S. Jecker and published by Jones & Bartlett Publishers. This book was released on 2011-02-15 with total page 550 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Bioethics: An Introduction to the History, Methods, and Practice, Third Edition provides readers with a modern and diverse look at bioethics while also looking back at early bioethics cases that set ethical standards in healthcare. It is well suited for advanced undergraduate and graduate students who plan to pursue careers in nursing, allied health, or medicine, as well as professionals seeking a comprehensive reference in the field. The authors retain the unique three-pronged approach, discussing the history, the methods, and the practice of bioethics. This approach provides students with a breadth of information, focusing on all sides of the issue, which will allow them to think critically about current bioethical topics. The third edition is updated throughout with new information and cases including, the latest on genetics and reproductive technology, physician-assisted suicide, as well as numerous new cases.

Download Human Rights and Human Nature PDF

Human Rights and Human Nature

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9789401786720
Pages : 274 pages
Rating : 4.7/5 (41 users)


Summary Book Review Human Rights and Human Nature by Marion Albers :

Download or read book Human Rights and Human Nature PDF or another Format written by Marion Albers and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2014-02-18 with total page 274 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book explores both the possibilities and limits of arguments from human nature in the context of human rights. Can the concept of human nature provide a basis for understanding fundamental rights? Is it plausible to justify the claim to universal validity of human rights by reference to human nature? Or does the idea of human rights in its modern, post-1945 manifestation go, in essence, beyond human nature? The essays in this volume introduce naturalistic positions and their concomitant critiques. They address the role that human nature both actually does and potentially may play in forming a foundation for and acting as an exemplification of fundamental rights. Beyond that, they give attention to the challenges caused by Life Sciences. Human nature itself is subject to transformation and transgression in an unprecedented manner. The essays reflect on issues such as reproduction, species manipulation, corporeal autonomy and enhancement. Contributors are jurists, philosophers and political scientists from Germany, Switzerland, Turkey, Poland and Japan.

Download Biotechnology, Human Nature, and Christian Ethics PDF

Biotechnology, Human Nature, and Christian Ethics

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781108397285
Pages : 238 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (18 users)


Summary Book Review Biotechnology, Human Nature, and Christian Ethics by Gerald McKenny :

Download or read book Biotechnology, Human Nature, and Christian Ethics PDF or another Format written by Gerald McKenny and published by Cambridge University Press. This book was released on 2018-01-19 with total page 238 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In public debates over biotechnology, theologians, philosophers, and political theorists have proposed that biotechnology could have significant implications for human nature. They argue that ethical evaluations of biotechnologies that might affect human nature must take these implications into account. In this book, Gerald McKenny examines these important yet controversial arguments, which have in turn been criticized by many moral philosophers and professional bioethicists. He argues that Christian ethics is, in principle, committed to some version of the claim that human nature has normative status in relation to biotechnology. Showing how both criticisms and defences of this claim have often been facile, he identifies, develops, and critically evaluates three versions of the claim, and contributes a fourth, distinctively Christian version to the debate. Focusing on Christian ethics in conversation with secular ethics, McKenny's book is the first thorough analysis of a controversial contemporary issue.

Download Emotional Amoral Egoism PDF

Emotional Amoral Egoism

Author :
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780718895723
Pages : 340 pages
Rating : 4.8/5 (718 users)


Summary Book Review Emotional Amoral Egoism by Nayef R.F. Al-Rodhan :

Download or read book Emotional Amoral Egoism PDF or another Format written by Nayef R.F. Al-Rodhan and published by BoD – Books on Demand. This book was released on 2022-01-01 with total page 340 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What makes us who we are? Are we born good or evil? Do we have free will? What drives our behaviour and why? Can technology change what it means to be human? In this thoroughly revised second edition of Emotional Amoral Egoism, Professor Nayef Al-Rodhan demonstrates the impact of our innate predispositions on key issues, from conflict, inequality and transcultural understanding to Big Data, fake news and the social contract. However, it is the societies we live in and their governance structures that largely determine how we act on our innate predispositions. Consequently, Al-Rodhan proposes a new and sustainable good governance paradigm, which must reconcile the ever-present tension between the three attributes of human nature (‘Emotional Amoral Egoism’) and the nine critical needs of human dignity. This book is a perfect resource for enlightened readers, academics and policy makers interested in how our innate instincts and tendencies shape the world we live in, and how the interplay between neurophilosophy and policy can be harnessed for pragmatic and sustainable peace, security and prosperity solutions for all, at all times and under all circumstances.

Download Humanity 2.0 PDF

Humanity 2.0

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Publisher : Springer
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9780230316720
Pages : 265 pages
Rating : 4.3/5 (23 users)


Summary Book Review Humanity 2.0 by S. Fuller :

Download or read book Humanity 2.0 PDF or another Format written by S. Fuller and published by Springer. This book was released on 2011-10-06 with total page 265 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Social thinkers in all fields are faced with one unavoidable question: What does it mean to be human in the 21st century? This ambitious and groundbreaking book provides the first synthesis of historical, philosophical and sociological insights needed to address this question in a thoughtful and creative manner.

Download The Animal and the Human in Ancient and Modern Thought PDF

The Animal and the Human in Ancient and Modern Thought

Author :
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781135042851
Pages : 156 pages
Rating : 4.0/5 (135 users)


Summary Book Review The Animal and the Human in Ancient and Modern Thought by Stephen T. Newmyer :

Download or read book The Animal and the Human in Ancient and Modern Thought PDF or another Format written by Stephen T. Newmyer and published by Taylor & Francis. This book was released on 2016-12-01 with total page 156 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Ancient Greeks endeavored to define the human being vis-à-vis other animal species by isolating capacities and endowments which they considered to be unique to humans. This approach toward defining the human being still appears with surprising frequency, in modern philosophical treatises, in modern animal behavioral studies, and in animal rights literature, to argue both for and against the position that human beings are special and unique because of one or another attribute or skill that they are believed to possess. Some of the claims of man’s unique endowments have in recent years become the subject of intensive investigation by cognitive ethologists carried out in non-laboratory contexts. The debate is as lively now as in classical times, and, what is of particular note, the examples and methods of argumentation used to prove one or another position on any issue relating to the unique status of human beings that one encounters in contemporary philosophical or ethological literature frequently recall ancient precedents. This is the first book-length study of the ‘man alone of animals’ topos in classical literature, not restricting its analysis to Greco-Roman claims of man’s intellectual uniqueness, but including classical assertions of man’s physiological and emotional uniqueness. It supplements this analysis of ancient manifestations with an examination of how the commonplace survives and has been restated, transformed, and extended in contemporary ethological literature and in the literature of the animal rights and animal welfare movements. Author Stephen T. Newmyer demonstrates that the anthropocentrism detected in Greek applications of the ‘man alone of animals’ topos is not only alive and well in many facets of the current debate on human-animal relations, but that combating its negative effects is a stated aim of some modern philosophers and activists.

Download Culture, Nature, Memes PDF

Culture, Nature, Memes

Author :
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9781527563797
Pages : 235 pages
Rating : 4.5/5 (527 users)


Summary Book Review Culture, Nature, Memes by Thorsten Botz-Bornstein :

Download or read book Culture, Nature, Memes PDF or another Format written by Thorsten Botz-Bornstein and published by Cambridge Scholars Publishing. This book was released on 2020-12-15 with total page 235 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This collection of essays on cognition, which involves continental as much as analytical approaches, attempts to observe cognitive processes in three areas: in culture, in nature, and in an area that can – at least from some point of view – be perceived as an “in-between” of culture and nature: memes. All authors introduce a certain dynamic input in cognitive theory, as they negotiate between the empirical and the conceptual, or between epistemology and the study of culture. In all chapters, culture, nature, and memes turn out to be dynamic in the sense of being non-essentialist, their significations and modulating functions always being multi-dimensional. The chapters shed new light on classical themes of cognitive theory as: ‘problems of creation, generation and emergence,’ ‘animals’ thoughts and beliefs,’ ‘minds and computing,’ ‘knowledge and its social dimension,’ ‘thoughts and emotions,’ ‘the innate state of lexical concepts’ and ‘memetics and stylistics.’